Site atelier Coffee Flux

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Informations générales

Localisation : Costa Rica
Longitude/latitude : -83.72861(West) / 9.93833° North
Altitude moyenne : 1000 m
Année de démarrage : 2009
Projets : EU-CAFNET ; ANR-Ecosfix ; ANR-MACACC
Page web :

Contact : 

Coffee-Flux experimental watershed / cliquer pour agrandir CATIE 7170,
Apartado 3,
Cartago, Turrialba, Turrialba
30501 Costa Rica

Cell : (506) 86 05 09 85
Cell : +55 (11) 83 07 20 18
Fax. (506) 25 56 30 18


température moyenne annuelle : 19.5°C
précipitations moyenne annuelle : 3014 mm
espèce dominante : Coffea arabica var. Caturra (understorey)
autres espèces : Erythrina poepiggiana (shade tree)
type de sol : Andosol
matériel parent : volcanic ashes
texture : sand (58%) ; clay (14%) ; Silt (27%) with allophanes

Recherche / objectifs

Aims and Philosophy of the CoffeeFlux Collaborative Platform
The aim of Coffee-Flux is to assess carbon, nutrients, water and sediment Ecosystem Services (ES) at the scale of a coffee agroforestry watershed. Observation, experimentation, modelling and remote-sensing are combined, collecting data and calibrating models locally, then upscaling to larger regions. The project has been running continuously since 2009, in order to encompass seasonal and inter-annual fluctuations of coffee productivity and ecosystem services.
The Coffee-Flux watershed and eddy-Covariance display / cliquer pour agrandir Coffee-flux is a platform where collaborative research on coffee agroforestry is promoted: data are being shared between collaborators and positive interactions are enhanced. The philosophy is to concentrate several investigations on one specific site and for several years, to share a useful common experimental database, to develop modelling and to publish results in highly-ranked scientific journals. Applied research is also highly encouraged (e.g. C-Neutral certification, NAMA, Agronomy, etc.). Coffee-Flux benefits from infrastructure, easy access from CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza) and very good security, ready to welcome complementary scientific investigations and collaborations. The project is wide open to complementary projects, scientists and of course to students. The core data base is for sharing.

Dispositif & mesures

année de mise en place : 2009
surface : >700 ha
âge : 40 years   Schematics and averaged yields in the fertilization/shade experiment  / cliquer pour agrandir  
densité : 6300 coffee plants ha-1 and 7.4 shade trees ha-1
hauteur moyenne : coffee = 1.6 m ; shade tree = 20 m
indice foliaire (LAI) : coffee = 2-4 ; shade tree = 0.67
type de sol : andosol with allophanes
équipement :
  • Hydrology
  • Eddy-Correlation
  • Soil GHG fluxes
mesures principales :
  • Hydrological service: Coffee-Flux is monitoring and modelling the water balance partitioning (rainfall, interception, superficial runoff, infiltration, sapflow, soil water balance, evapo-transpiration, aquifer fluctuations and total streamflow), and the sediment yield from plot to watershed. One model was developed (Hydro-SVAT: Gómez-Delgado et al., 2011). Also δ18O/δD isotopic tracing experiments are underway (collaboration with UNA, Ricardo Sánchez-Murillo et al., 2015). 1 PhD thesis is achieved (Gómez-Delgado F., 2010), two are in progress (Benegas L.; Welsch K.) and 2 postgraduate fellowships achieved (Kinoshita, 2009; Deffner A.).
  • Carbon service: Coffee-Flux is monitoring the leaf area index (LAI) using field and remote sensing techniques (High Resolution Multispectral Images; MODIS), the Net Primary Productivity (NPP: tree + coffee growth and mortality) above and below-ground (minirhizotrons, rhizotrons), the Gross Primary Productivity or (GPP = ecosystem photoynthesis), the ecosystem + soil respiration, the whole plant gas exchanges, the leaf gas exchanges and the Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE) which is the ecosystem C balance, using combined eddy covariance, growth+litter monitoring and various plant chambers. The SOC, nitrogen, active C, non-crystalline clay minerals such as allophane, imogolite, ferrihydrite as well as metal-humus complexes have been surveyed, SOC and N were estimated by VISNIR and mapped (kriging) for the whole watershed (Kinoshita et al., 2015). 1 PhD is completed (Charbonnier F.), two PhD in progress (Perez Molina J.P., Vezy, R.), 6 MSc achieved (Taugourdeau S.; Audebert L.; Defrenet E.; Nespoulous, J., Khac E., Soma M.) and 2 post-graduate fellowships (Jarri, L., Cambou A., Guidat, F., Rançon, F.). One radiation absorption + photosynthesis + transpiration model is being used (MAESPA: Charbonnier et al., 2013).
  • Nutrient balance: Coffee-Flux is monitoring nutrient inputs, assimilation and leaching, according to distance to shade trees and within an experimental display controlling fertilization (K. Van Den Meersche). Nitrates and P are also being monitored in aquifers and streamflow (PhD of K. Welsch).
  • Other GHGs emissions: a N2O & CO2 soil flux automatic monitoring experiment was settled in February 2016 in a fertilization trial, in collaboration with U. Copenhagen; Master of Carolin Mages. N2O and CO2 automatic chambers in a fertilization experimental display / cliquer pour agrandir N2O soil efflux after a rain event, as measured in 3 chambers  / cliquer pour agrandir
  • Protection against erosion: Coffee-Flux is monitoring erosion at plot scale (with trees and without trees) and sediment yield at the watershed scale (using automatic turbidimeter). Also in the PhD of Gómez-Delgado F. (2010).
  • Coffee pests and diseases regulation: Incidence and severity of coffee pests and diseases (including coffee leaf rust) are being monitored under shaded and full sun conditions, and compared with or without treatment (C. Allinne). Incidence is also measured in function of the fertilization level.
  • Effect of Shade on coffee microclimate:The CATIE Agroforestry trial (Elias de Melo) has been equipped to monitor coffee canopy temperature and microclimate according to Shade types (MSc. of Maxime Soma, PhD of Rémi Vezy).

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