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The Enabling Environment for BioCities

The Governing Missions and Mission-Oriented Research and Innovation in the European Union guidelines promoted by the European Commission (EC) are helpful as a starting place for creating the enabling environment for BioCities which follow the principles of natural ecosystems to promote life (Mazzucato 2018, 2019). The strength of mission-oriented policies, defined as systemic public policies that draw on frontier knowledge to attain specific goals, is the empowerment of emergent solutions achieved by: (1) being bold and inspirational with wide social relevance; (2) having a clear direction with targeted, measurable, and time-bound metrics; (3) being ambitious but realistic; (4) being cross-disciplinary and cross-sectoral; and (5) driving multiple bottom-up solutions (Ergas 1987).

M. Salka · V. Guallart · D. Ibañez
Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC), Barcelona, Spain
D. G. P. Rodriguez
Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), Ås, Norway
N. Picard
GIP Ecofor – Ecosystems Forestiers (ECOFOR), Paris, France
J. Wilkes-Allemann · E. C. Brantschen
Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH), Bern, Switzerland
S. Boeri · L. Shamir · L. De Marco · S. Paoli
Stefano Boeri Architetti (SBA), Milan, Italy
M. C. Pastore
Politecnico of Milan (PoliMi), Milan, Italy
I. Živojinović
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Vienna, Austria

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